Assistant Professor, Archaeology
Ph.D. University of California, San Diego
McMillan Hall 128
Mon. & Wed. 9-10am and Fri. 1-2pm
Campus Box 1114
One Brookings Drive
St. Louis, MO 63130
My research focuses on how humans in ancient complex societies shaped and transformed their lifeways, bodies, and identities through interactions with their social and natural surroundings. My interest in the interplay of identity and ritual has caused me to focus on the meaning of mortuary ritual in early Andean state society, specifically how communities living on the periphery of the Tiwanaku state (A.D. 500–1000, south-central Andes) engaged with burial and ancestor veneration practices to recreate social boundaries and memories. My methodological interests and approaches to these questions include mortuary archaeology and bioarchaeology, as well as the analyses of textile and ceramic artifacts.
I am currently starting a new interdisciplinary research project in the coastal valley of Sama (Southern Peru) that explores social identity formation and interaction patterns on the margins of expansive Andean states, including the Tiwanaku and Inca. The Sama Valley presents an intriguing location to investigate how groups with distinct cultural and economic traditions (coastal, lowland and highland agricultural, and pastoral) interacted in this hyperarid-desert oasis.
Although my fieldwork has mostly focused on the southern Andes, I have conducted mortuary excavations on the North Coast of Peru, excavated monumental architecture in the southern Peruvian highlands and at the highland Mexican center of Teotihuacan, and participated in test excavations and survey in southern California.
Baitzel, Sarah I, and Paul S. Goldstein
2014 More Than The Sum of its Parts: Dress and Social Identity in a Provincial Tiwanaku Child Burial. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 35:51–62.
Somerville, Andrew D., Paul S. Goldstein, Sarah I. Baitzel, Karin L. Bruwelheide, Allisen C. Dahlstedt, Linda Yzurdiaga, Sarah Raubenheimer, Kelly J. Knudson, and Margaret J. Schoeninger
2015 Diet and gender in the Tiwanaku colonies: Stable isotope analysis of human bone collagen and apatite from Moquegua, Peru. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 158(3):408–422.
Baitzel, S. I., and P. S. Goldstein
2016 No Country for Old People: A Paleodemographic Analysis of Migration Dynamics in Early Andean States. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology: n/a
L48 Anthro 3095 The Incas and Their Ancestors: The Archaeology of the Ancient Andes
L48 Anthro 4597 The Archaeology of Life and Death