Dr. Gayle Fritz
Gayle Fritz's research is concerned with the processes and sequences leading to the development of agricultural systems in North and South America. In the Lower Mississippi Valley, she has been modeling the transition to farming made by sedentary fisher-gatherer-hunters. She and her students are also engaged in projects studying plant-use and agricultural systems at Cahokia and other archaeological sites in western Illinois, as well as in the American Bottom.
Dr. Xinyi Liu
Xinyi Liu’s primary interest lies in the long-term history of Chinese food-webs and long-distance interactions of human and plants. A large part of the world’s crops are cultivated in regions quite different from their place of origin. While much of that food globalization has resulted from modern trade networks established during the past 400 years, it has its roots in prehistory. By the beginning of the second millennium BC, the south-west Asian crops, notably, wheat and barley, were in several parts of China, and Chinese millets were in Europe. Meanwhile, there were parallel exchanges of staple crops between east and south Asia and between south Asia and north Africa. In collaborations with scholars from UK, Romania, Kazakhstan and China, Xinyi’s research employs stable isotope studies, archaeobotany and archgenetics to establish when and how that early globalization of staple food stuffs happened.
Dr. Fiona Marshall
Fiona Marshall is engaged in long-term multi-disciplinary research on the beginnings and spread of food production in Africa. She has examined issues that lead to the spread and resilience of cattle, sheep and goat-based pastoralism, as the earliest form of food production in Africa. Dr Marshall is currently PI of a multidisciplinary team employing ethnoarcheological, morphometric, and genetic approaches, to studying the domestication of donkeys and their integral role in agricultural and pastoral systems. Collaborative field work at the St Louis Zoo on the behavior of the African wild ass, contributes to this project. Dr Marshall has also conducted ethnoarchaeological field work designed to investigate pathways to food production among Okiek hunter-gatherers of high altitude forests of Kenya, and extensive multi-sited archaeological field work in Africa.
Dr. E.A. Quinn
E.A. Quinn's research focuses primarily on human milk and breastfeeding behaviors in a comparative context. She is also interested in the role of human milk in infant growth and development, specifically understanding how milk may contribute to human developmental plasticity and the potential role this may have played in human adaptation to novel environments.
Dr. Glenn Stone
Glenn Stone's is particularly interested in the social and political aspects of agricultural systems; agricultural sustainability; intensification and industrialization; indigenous knowledge; responses to population increase; agricultural biotechnology; and alternative food/farming systems. He has worked on past and contemporary nonindustrialized farmers in Africa, India, the Philippines, and North America. His present research is on the spread of genetically modified crops in developing countries. After working in a laboratory specializing in transformation of tropical crops, and completing a multi-year, multi-village field study of Andhra Pradesh farmers as GM cotton was being adopted, he is starting a project on indigenous knowledge and technology change among rice and cotton farmers in India and the Philippines (including impacts of “Golden Rice”).
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